(1672-1719) essayist, poet, playwright and politician
A little nonsense now and then / Is relished by the wisest men.
[As human beings, we all need a little nonsense in our lives from time to time. It's important for us on an emotional level.]
Joseph Addison Quotes
Success has many fathers, but failure is an orphan.
[When something succeeds, many people take credit for it; but when something fails, people tend to do the opposite.]
General Grant had a simple, childlike [recipe] for meeting life ... “I am terribly afraid, but the other fellow is afraid, too.”
(354-430) philosopher and Christian bishop
To many, total abstinence is easier than perfect moderation.
[Sometimes it's easier to avoid something completely than to do it in moderation. Some alcoholics can quit drinking, but very few alcoholics can drink in moderation.]
(1891-1995) advertiser, propagandist
Propaganda is of no use to the politician unless he has something to say which the public, consciously or unconsciously, wants to hear.
The public instinctively demands a personality to typify a conspicuous corporation or enterprise.
[The] average citizen is the world’s most efficient censor. His own mind is the greatest barrier between him and the facts.
The individual and the group are swayed by only a very small number of fundamental desires and emotions and instincts. Sex, gregariousness, the desire to lead, the maternal and paternal instincts, all are dominating desires of the group.
Men are rarely aware of the real reasons which motivate their actions.
A man buying a suit of clothes imagines that he is choosing, according to his taste and his personality, the kind of garment which he prefers. In reality, he may be obeying the orders of an anonymous gentleman tailor in London.
A man may believe that he buys a motor car because, after careful study of the technical features of all makes on the market, he has concluded that this is the best. ... [But the real reason he bought it might be] because a friend whose financial acumen he respects bought one last week; or because his neighbors believed he was not able to afford a car of that class; or because its colors are those of his college fraternity.
A thing may be desired not for its intrinsic worth or usefulness, but because he [the buyer] has unconsciously come to see in it a symbol of something else, the desire for which he is ashamed to admit to himself.
When the example of the leader is not at hand and the herd must think for itself, it does so by means of clichés, pat words or images which stand for a whole group of ideas or experiences. Not many years ago, it was only necessary to tag a political candidate with the word "interests" to stampede millions of people into voting against him, because anything associated with "the interests" seemed necessary corrupt. Recently the word Bolshevik has performed a similar service for persons who wished to frighten the public away from a line of action. By playing upon a old cliché, or manipulating a new one, the propagandist can sometimes swing a whole mass group emotions.
(1818-1885) humorist and philosopher
As scarce as truth is, the supply has always been in excess of the demand.
[There's not much truth out there in the world--and there's even less of a demand for it. Even though truth is rare, there's still more of it than people want.]
(1769-1821) French emperor
A leader is a dealer in hope.
The art of being sometimes audacious and sometimes very prudent is the secret of success.
Napoleon Bonaparte Quotes
(1920-2003) broadcast journalist
People have the illusion that all over the world, all the time, all kinds of fantastic things are happening; when in fact, over most of the world, most of the time, nothing is happening.
[The public promotes the illusion that the world is filled with interesting occurences.]
The great gift of conversation is less about displaying it ourselves than in drawing it out of others. Anyone who leaves your company pleased with himself and his own cleverness is very well pleased with you.
You must first walk around a little before you can understand the distance from the valley to the mountain.
(1864-1936) Christian radio preacher
A little experience often upsets a lot of theory.
No man will make a great business who wants to do it all himself or to get all the credit for doing it.
[In most undertakings, you should be willing to share both the duties and the credit with others.]
(1888-1955) lecturer, public speaking expert, and success guru.
Liken what you wish people to accept to something they already believe.
[If you want to present a new idea to people, find some way to associate it with an idea that they already believe.]
If we would please in society, we must be prepared to be taught many things we know already by people who don't know them.
Though it is commonly thought that the “art of pleasing” is a great way to achieve wealth, there is something that works far better: knowing how to be bored [--in other words, to tolerate boredom when we're with others]. In fact, the talent of acquiring wealth, like the one for succeeding with women, can be reduced practically to that.
He who cannot resort to the use of a joke, and who is inflexible in the spirit, is very often placed between the need for being false or pedantic—an annoying alternative from which an honest man withdraws himself, for the ordinary one, by grace and cheerfulness. (113)
(1694–1773) British statesman
Remember that the wit, humor, and jokes, of most mixed companies are local. ... Every company is differently circumstanced, has its particular cant and jargon; which may give occasion to wit and mirth within that circle, but would seem flat and insipid in any other.
Patience is the most necessary quality for business, many a man would rather you heard his story than grant his request.
People doing the same things might have different motives.
A hobbling cat is better than a fast horse when rats swarm the palace.
With a helmsman [i.e. leader] that is not nervous, the passengers [i.e. followers] [will feel] secure.
Establishing one's resolve is half of learning.
Why so anxiously and busily manage so many evil matters? Drop them all and become a good man.
Wait till the Yellow River becomes clear, and how old will you be?
[Even] with half of the Analects [put into use], the country can be [well] ruled.
Before the thought has arisen, the gods know it.
Man reasons in a thousand ways; the spirits only in [the right] one.
A good heart influences Heaven and Earth.
One sincere thought can influence Heaven and Earth.
Heaven knows and Earth knows—how can I alone know?
The smallest desire to do good is—though not seen by man—certainly known to Heaven.
You may deceive people. You cannot deceive Heaven.
It’s hard to detect good luck—it looks so much like something you’ve earned.
(1886-1961) baseball player
Every great batter works on the theory that the pitcher is more afraid of him than he is of the pitcher.
When you see worthiness, think of emulating it. When you see unworthiness, inwardly examine yourself. (Analects 4:17)
Duke Ai of Lu said to Confucius, "In running the state, I aim to avoid 'getting confused due to a lack of advice.' And yet, I've found that when I consult more people, I encouner more disorder." Confucius said, "... [All of your ministers] publicly parrot the biased opinions of [the wealthy and powerful] Mr. Chi Sun. So no matter how many of them you consult, the state cannot help but become disorderly." (Han Fei Tzu)
[My disciples are superior to me in many ways.] Take Yen Hui. He is [superior to me in that he is] very compassionate. On the other hand, he is also inflexible about it. Tzu Kung is a pehnomenal speaker. On the other hand, he does not know when to stop talking. Tzu Lu is very brave. On the other hand, he lacks prudence. Tzu Chang is very dignified. On the other hand, he is unpleasant in social interaction. ... Even if I could, I wouldn't exchange their virtues for my own. And that's why they're intent on learning from me. (Lieh Tzu)
Petty people are difficult to deal with. If you're familiar with them, they're disrespectful/immodest; if you maintain a distance, they're resentful. (Analects 17:25)
If you don't love learning, then... your love of knowledge/wisdom will be beclouded by vagueness, speculation, and superficial generalization... your love of straightforwardness will be beclouded by rudeness... and your love of persistence will be beclouded by stubbornness. (Analects 17:8)
Half the harm that is done in this world is due to people who want to feel important. They don't mean to do harm--but the harm does not interest them. Or they do not see it; or they justify it because they are absorbed in the endless struggle to think well of themselves.
(1912–1994) philosopher, law professor, sociologist, theologian, and Christian anarchist
Simply to ask an individual [via a survey] if he believes this or that, or if he has this or that idea, gives absolutely no indication of what behavior he will adopt or what action he will take.
"Of course we shall not be victims of propaganda, because we are capable of distinguishing truth from falsehood." Anyone holding that conviction is extremely susceptible to propaganda.
The more the individual is convinced that he thinks, feels and acts on his own, the greater the alienation will be.
An individual subjected to propaganda behaves as though his reactions depended on his own decisions. ... When when yielding to suggestion, he decides "for himself" and thinks himself free--in fact the more he is subjected to propaganda, the freer he thinks he is.
Through such processes as crystallization and intense rationalization, propaganda builds monolithic individuals. It eliminates inner conflicts, tensions, self-criticism, self-doubt. And in this fashion it also builds a one-dimensional being without depth or range of possibilities. At the same time, this crystallization close his mind to all new ideas. The individual now has a set of prejudices and beliefs, as well as objective justifications. His entire personality revolves around those elements. Every new idea will therefore be troublesome to his entire being. He will defend himself against it because it threatens to destroy his certainties. He thus actually comes to hate everything opposed to what propaganda has made him acquire. Propaganda has created in him a system of opinions and tendencies which may not be subjected to criticism. That system leaves no room for ambiguity or mitigation of feelings; the individual has received irrational certainties from propaganda, and precisely because they are irrational, they seem to him part of his personality. He feels personally attacked when these certainties are attacked. There is a feeling here akin to that of something sacred. And this genuine taboo prevents the individual from entertaining any new ideas that might create ambiguity within him. Incidentally, this refusal to listen to new ideas usually takes on an ironic aspect: the man who has been successfully subjected to a vigorous propaganda will declare that all new ideas are propaganda.
Propaganda strips the individual, robs him of part of himself, and makes him live in an alien and artificial life, to such an extent that he becomes another person and obeys impulses foreign to him. He obeys someone else. It pushes the individual into the mass until he disappears completely. ... All this obviously leads to the elimination of personal judgment, which takes place as soon as the individual accepts public opinion as his own.
Never make a direct attack on an established, reasoned, durable opinion or an accepted cliche, a fixed pattern. ...Existing opinion is not to be contradicted, but utilized. Each individual harbors a large number of stereotypes and established tendencies; from this arsenal the propagandist must select those easiest to mobilize, those which will give the greatest strength to the action he wants to precipitate.
Propaganda cannot create something out of nothing. It must attach itself to a feeling, an idea; must build on a foundation already present in the individual.
The terms, the words, the subjects that propaganda utilizes must have in themselves the power to break the barrier of the individual's indifference. They must penetrate like bullets; they must spontaneously evoke a set of images and have a certain grandeur of their own. To circulate outdated words or pick new ones that can penetrate only by force is unavailing, for timeliness furnishes the "operational words" with their explosive and affective power. Part of the power of propaganda is due to its use of the mass media, but this power will be dissipated if propaganda relies on operational words that have lost their force. In Western Europe, the word Bolshevik in 1925, the word Fascist in 1936, the word Collaborator in 1944, the word Peace in 1948, the word Integration in 1958, were all strong operational terms; they lost their shock value when their immediacy passed.
Propaganda tries first of all to create conditioned reflexes in the individual by training him so that certain words, signs, or symbols, even certain persons or facts, provoke unfailing reactions. Eventually the myth takes possession of a man's mind so completely that his life is consecrated to it. ...When the time is ripe, the individual can be thrown into action by active propaganda, by the utilization of the psychological levers that have been set up, and by the evocation of the myth.
To the extent that propaganda is based on current news, it cannot permit time for thought or reflection. A man caught up in the news must remain on the surface of the event; be is carried along in the current, and can at no time take a respite to judge and appreciate; he can never stop to reflect. There is never any awareness -- of himself, of his condition, of his society -- for the man who lives by current events. ...Real information never concerns such a person. ... Propaganda addresses itself to that man; like him, it can relate only to the most superficial aspect of a spectacular event, which alone can interest man and lead him to make a certain decision or adopt a certain attitude.
As man's memory is short, the event that has been supplanted by another is forgotten; it no longer exists; nobody is interested in it any more. In November 1957, a Bordeaux association organized a lecture on the atomic bomb by a well-known specialist; the lecture would surely have been of great interest (and not for propaganda purposes). A wide distribution of leaflets had announced it to the student public, but not a single student came. Why? Because this happened at exactly the same time as Sputnik's success, and the public was concerned only with this single piece of news; its sole interest was in Sputnik, and the permanent problem was forgotten.
All propaganda must play on the fact that the nation will be industrialized, more will be produced, greater progress is imminent, and so on.
Man always has a certain need to hate. ... Propaganda offers him an object of hatred ... And the hatred it offers him is not shameful, evil hatred that he must hide, but a legitimate hatred, which he can justly feel.
Under the influence of propaganda, certain latent drives that are vague, unclear, and often without any particular objectives suddenly become powerful, direct and precise. Once propaganda begins to utilize and direct an individual's hatred, he no longer has any chance to retreat, to reduce his animosities, or to seek reconciliation with his opponents. Moreover, he now has a supply of ready-made judgments where he had only some vague notions before the propaganda set in; and those judgments permit him to face any situation. He will never again have reason to change judgments, that he will thereafter consider the one and only truth.
Now there are some people out there that ain’t nothing but animals. And they make you fight them to survive. And if you don’t fight them, they just keep picking at you and picking at you until you ain’t got nothing left.
This study also found that those who see themselves as relatively down rank tend to blame themselves for criticism, while those who feel relatively superior, tend to blame others.
Nothing depreciates a person more than to show he is just like anyone else. (289)
Even though many people prove to be ungrateful, don't let that stop you from benefitting others [as long as you do it judiciously]. Beneficence is, in itself, a noble and almost divine quality. Plus, as you benefit others, you'll come across someone so grateful, that he'll make up for other people's ingratitude. (11)
Pay more attention to what people will do based on their disposition and habits, and less attention to what's reasonable for them to do. (151)
People often become so consumed with the idea that someone else wronged them, that they sacrifice honor and money in order to get revenge. (150)
It is indeed great to have authority. If rightly used, it'll make you feared even beyond what you can do. Your subjects won't know how much authority you really have, and usually choose to give way to you almost at once, rather than test if you can do what you threaten. (40)
When people see you in a position where you have no choice but to do what they want, they'll think little of you and treat you accordingly. ...You should flee this humiliation as you'd flee fire. (196)
How true is that ancient saying “Place reveals the man”! Nothing so clearly reveals a person’s qualities so much as to give him place and power. How many are there who speak well, yet do not know how to do! And how many are there in the streets and marketplaces who seem to be capable people, but turn out to be shadows when employed! ... [Morover,] power reveals someone's true bent of mind and character. The higher someone's position is, the less there is stopping him from indulging his natural temper. (163, 253)
My experiences in government have shown me that when trying to bring about an agreement or compromise, it's good to move in after letting both sides have a lengthy discussion and debate. They'll both grow tired, and then beg you to come in and settle the matter.(43)
When ambassador in Spain, I observed that whenever the Catholic King, Don Ferdinand of Aragon, a most prudent and powerful prince, wanted to do something new, he'd go about it in such a way so that even before his intention was made public, the whole court and people would be crying out and urging him to do it. (77)
People are grealty influenced by courteous manners and pleasing words. And this because they all believe they deserve to be greatly esteemed, and thus will feel hurt if they find you aren't giving them the deference they're convinced they're due.
We often see the advantages of having a good name and reputation. And these advantages are hardly anything compared to those that are unseen. (158)
We only see a small percentage of the advantages that come from friends and family. After all, occasions when you need their help are rare in comparison with the day-to-day benefits of knowing you can have their support when you will. (87)
Since friends are so valuable, never lose a chance to make them—for people are brought into constant contact with one another, and friends help and foes hinder at times and in places where you least expect it. (14)
[E]ven if it should be obvious that you're lying, a confident assertion or denial will often perplex and puzzle your listeners’ minds to some extent. (37)
Even if someone's a known bullshitter, his frauds still succceed at times. (105)
If you want to conceal or misrepresent one of your intentions, try to show others—with the strongest and gravest reasons possible—that you intend the opposite. When people think you're convinced that it makes sense to do something, they'll readily persuade themselves that you'll base your decisions on what reason dictates. (199)
If someone wants to get ahead in the world, he should hide his failures and exaggerate his successes. (86)
Worldly advancement depends more on people’s opinions than on reality. (86)
Though you have much to gain by being secretive, you have even more to gain by not appearing secretive to your friends. After all, most people feel slighted and offended when they see you unwilling to impart your affairs to them.
How often we hear it said, “Had this been done or that not been done, this or the other result would have followed.” And yet, if it were possible to test these opinions, we'd find out how wrong they frequently are.(22)
In wars, those who attempt to spend the least always end up spending the most—for nothing demands a larger or more unstinted/lavish outlay of money than war. The more complete the preparations are, the sooner will the war be over; and since the failure to spend money will prolong the enterprise, it will ultimately cost far more.(149)
One who has sound sense can make great use of another who has fine parts; much more so than the other can make of him.
If you observe closely, you will find that not only the manners of people, but also their language and modes of speech, dress, style of building, methods of cultivation, and the like, alter from age to age; but, what is more remarkable, their sense of taste also alters, so that a kind of food that is relished by one generation is often displeasing to the next. (69)
For many things we must decide and act quickly. On the other hand, when we are surrounded by difficulties and trouble, procrastinating and gaining time can either extricate ourselves from troubles, or at least allow us to understand them better. (79)
The very same things that readily succeed and “accomplish themselves” when undertaken at the proper moment, will, if attempted prematurely, not only fail, but will often become impossible to succeed when their time does come. Thus, rather than rushing things hastily or precipitating events, we should await their season and maturity. (78)
In matters of business, take this as a maxim: it's not enough to give things their beginning, direction, or impulse; we must also follow them up and continue our efforts until completion. People who conduct business this way contribute greatly to finishing things, while those who follow a different plan will often assume things are finished they've actually just begun, and their difficulties haven't been encountered yet ; such are the heedlessness, futility, and perversity of men, and such the lets and hindrances that things present in their own nature. (192)
If you would be someone employed in [worldly] affairs, never allow such affairs to leave your hold. You will not be able to recover them at your convenience. But if you continuously retain your hold on them, one will lead to another, even without your using any special diligence or industry to get them. (84)
Both in wars and in many other important matters, I have often seen preparations neglected due to impression that they were too late, and yet it has been seen afterwards that they would have been in time, and that the omission to make them has caused much loss. (162)
[If you are] found on the winning side... you will be credited even for what you had no part in. (176)
(1866-1949) writer and businessman
When you have learned to control yourself you will have found the “World Within” which controls the world without; you will have become irresistible; men and things will respond to your every wish without any apparent effort on your part.
Mental strength is secured in exactly the same way that physical strength is secured, by exercise.
Charles F. Haanel Biography and Quotes
The truly upright is that which flows out of your genuine innermost self as a result of the sincerity shown by the kami [gods]; on all occasions, you must exert this sincerity to the utmost, even in the most minor of your activities. (Records of the Divine Wind)
In a place where there are no men, strive to be a man. (Pirke Avot 2:6)
The great mass of people will more easily fall victim to a big lie than a small one.
The art of leadership... consists in consolidating the attention of the people against a single adversary and taking care that nothing will split up that attention.
The leader of genius must have the ability to make different opponents appear as if they belonged to one category.
I use emotion for the many and reserve reason for the few.
Sooner will a camel pass through a needle’s eye than a great man be “discovered” by an election.
People are more likely to care about the suffering of others in a distant place if that misfortune evokes a fear of their own.
There is a Principle of Creation that is uncreated; there is a Principle of Change that is unchanging. The Uncreated is able to create life; the Unchanging is able to effect change. The created cannot but continue creating; the changed cannot but continue evolving. Hence, there is constant creation and constant changing. The law of constant creating and of constant changing at no time ceases to operate. So is it with the Yin and the Yang, so is it with the Four Seasons. (Lieh Tzu 1)
Rob/deprive the average man of his life-illusion and you rob him also of his happiness.
Many a true word is spoken in jest.
We have less reason to be surprised or offended when we find others differ from us in opinion, because we very often differ from ourselves.
Every man, however hopeless his pretensions may appear to all but himself, has some project by which he hopes to rise to reputation; some art by which he imagines that the notice of the world will be attracted; some quality, good or bad, which discriminates him from the common herd of mortals, and by which others may be persuaded to love, or compelled to fear him. (Rambler 164)
I have often known very severe and lasting malevolence excited by unlucky censures, which would have fallen without any effect, had they not happened to wound a part remarkably tender. Gustulus, who valued himself upon the nicety of his palate, disinherited his eldest son for telling him that the wine, which he was then commending, was the same which he had sent away the day before as not fit to be drunk. Proculus withdrew his kindness from a nephew, whom he had always considered as the most promising genius of the age, for happening to praise in his presence the graceful horsemanship of Marius. And Fortunio, when he was privy counsellor, procured a clerk to be dismissed from one of the publick offices, in which he was eminent for his skill and assiduity, because he had been heard to say that there was another man in the kingdom on whose skill at billiards he would lay his money against Fortunio’s. (Rambler 40)
The pride of singularity is often exerted in little things, where right and wrong are indeterminable. (Adventurer 131)
It is not often that any man can have so much knowledge of another as is necessary to make instruction useful. (Rambler 7)
A request made with diffidence and timidity is easily denied, because the petitioner himself seems to doubt its fitness… (Rambler 166) *
I have now spent fifty-five years in resolving: having, from the earliest time almost that I can remember, been forming plans of a better life. I have done nothing. (Prayers)
(1874-1954) New Thought philosopher
The average person is full of artificial desires, desires that have been suggested by what other people possess or require.
(1841–1931) social psychologist, sociologist
[A crowd] knows neither doubt nor uncertainty. … A suspicion transforms itself as soon as announced into incontrovertible evidence. [Crowds have a tendency to be sure about everything--to the point where they'll take a suspicion, and quickly regard it as proof.]
The opinions, ideas, and beliefs suggested to them [members of a crowd] are accepted or rejected as a whole, and considered as absolute truths or as not less absolute errors. This is always the case with beliefs induced by a process of suggestion instead of engendered by reasoning.
Who does not allow you to become a spiritual person? Nobody, only your "I". That means always, any moment, any time you practice no matter what you practice on the spiritual path, when you feel more "I" then you need to realize this is not the right way of the practice.
Who can make less "I"? You can, nobody but you can.
Friendship should disregard a person’s age, station, and relatives. Friendship with someone is friendship with his qualities only. Meng Hsien Tzu was a high ranking person and had five friends... They maintained a friendship as if he didn't possess that rank. If his rank had been taken into consideration, they wouldn't have [truly] been friends.
Most people won't really [be inspired] and exert themselves unless they have a [positive example with high status, like King] Wen. But true aspirants will put forth their strength and exert themselves even if there is no Wen. 7:1:10
(1773-1859) Austrian statesman
In my whole life I have only known ten or twelve persons with whom it was pleasant to speak—i.e., who keep to the subject, do not repeat themselves, and do not talk of themselves; men who do not listen to their own voice, who are cultivated enough not to lose themselves in commonplaces, and, lastly, who possess tact and good taste enough not to elevate their own persons above their subjects.
Each man should aim at self-expression on his highest level. He should aspire to such self-expression as no one else has ever attained.
It is not exactly forbidden to say this, that or the other, but it is “not done” to say it... Anyone who challenges the prevailing orthodoxy finds himself silenced with surprising effectiveness. A genuinely unfashionable opinion is almost never given a fair hearing, either in the popular press or in the high-brow periodicals.
Due to wrong faith, the attitude of a person becomes perverted. Religion is as unattractive to him as sweet juice to a person suffering from fever, for he cannot relish it. (1:6)
(1902-1987) psychologist known for promoting a client/patient focused approach
The curious paradox is that when I accept myself as I am, then I can change.
After the war, many heroes present themselves.
(1839-1937) industrialist, philanthropist
The ability to deal with people is as purchasable a commodity as sugar or coffee…and I will pay more for that ability than for any other under the sun.
Be wary of the man who urges an action in which he himself incurs no risk.
A single prayer of makoto moves Heaven. You will surely realize the divine presence through makoto prayer.
(1672-1729) Irish politician and writer
It is a Secret known but to few, yet of no small use in the Conduct of Life, that when you fall into a Man's Conversation, the first thing you should consider is, whether he has a greater Inclination to hear you, or that you should hear him. The latter is the more general Desire, and I know very able Flatterers that never speak a Word in Praise of the Persons from whom they obtain daily Favours, but still practise a skilful Attention to whatever is uttered by those with whom they converse. (Spectator 49)
Attack him where he is unprepared; appear where you are not expected.
Do not repeat tactics just because they have gained you one victory. Instead, let your methods be regulated by the infinite variety of circumstances.
The art of war teaches us to rely not on the likelihood of the enemy’s not coming, but on our own readiness to receive him; not on the chance of his not attacking, but rather on the fact that we have made our position unassailable.
If soldiers are punished before they have grown attached to you, they will not prove submissive; and, unless submissive, then will be practically useless. If, when the soldiers have become attached to you, punishments are not enforced, they will still be useless. Therefore, soldiers must be treated in the first instance with humanity, but kept under control by means of iron discipline. This is a certain road to victory. (9:42-43)
Regard your soldiers as your children, and they will follow you into the deepest valleys. Look upon them as your own beloved sons, and they will stand by you even unto death. If, however, you are lenient, but unable to make your authority felt; kind-hearted, but unable to enforce your commands; and incapable, moreover, of quelling disorder; then your soldiers must be likened to spoilt children—they are useless for any practical purpose. (10:25-26)
Carefully study the well-being of your men, and do not overtax them. Concentrate your energy and hoard your strength…
When the general is weak and without authority; when his orders are not clear and distinct; when there are no fixed duties assigned to officers and men, and the ranks are formed in a slovenly haphazard manner, the result is utter disorganization. (10:18)
Some prefer liquor, others prefer tofu, and some even like rotten salmon.
In a study made in 1915 of employees of two large industrial corporations, it appeared that the estimates of the same man in a number of different traits such as intelligence, industry, technical skill, reliability, etc., etc., were very highly correlated and very evenly correlated. It consequently appeared probable that those giving the ratings were unable to analyze out these different aspects of the person's nature and achievement and rate each in independence of the others. Their ratings were apparently affected by a marked tendency to think of the person in general as rather good or rather inferior and to color the judgments of the qualities by this general feeling. This same constant error toward suffusing ratings of special features with a halo belonging to the individual as a whole appeared in the ratings of officers made by their superiors in the army. ... Even a very capable foreman, employer, teacher, or department head is unable to treat an individual as a compound of separate qualities and to assign a magnitude to each of these in independence of the others. ... The official rating plan devised by Walter Dill Scott called for separate ratings for Physical Qualities, Intelligence, Leadership and Personal Qualities (i.e. Character). The instructions very emphatically required each of these four to be estimated independently of the others, as appears from the directions quoted below. Yet the correlations of the Intelligence rating with the ratings for Physique, Leadership and Character made by a very conscientious officer in the case of 137 aviation cadets whose work he, as flight commander, supervised, were .51, .58 and .64 respectively. These are all higher than reality. ... Intelligence and Character or Intelligence and Leadership should give about three times as close a correlation as Intelligence and Physique. ... For the three raters next studied the average correlation for physique with intelligence is .31; for physique with leadership, .39 ; and for physique with character, .28. The same constant error appears in the correlation of the total Scott rating with a rating for technical ability as a flyer in the case of aviation officers. It is known from abundant evidence that technical ability as a flyer is a rather highly specialized quality. Considering the restricted range of the aviation cadets, the correlation between general ability for officer work and technical ability as a flyer could hardly be above .40, without any attenuation. As attenuated by the imperfections of the rater's knowledge of both, it could hardly be above .25. Yet the correlations for the eight raters studied in this respect are .74, .85, .52, .91, .63, .72, .47 and .53, an average of .67.
(1898-1986) doctor who developed a psychiatric method he termed “medicine of the person”
Most illnesses do not, as is generally thought, come like a bolt out of the blue. The ground is prepared for years through faulty diet, intemperance, overwork, and moral conflicts, slowly eroding the subject’s vitality.
The enemy of your belly: 40 years.
[If you take away someone's food or livlihood, he'll hold it against you for 40 years.]
By telling the truth, your head will be cracked.
If you see someone riding a bamboo-cane/log, tell him “What a lovely horse!”
[Allow others to enjoy their own fantasies]
(1966-) heavyweight boxer
Everyone has a game plan until you get hit in the mouth.
Am I an animal? If necessary—it depends on what situation am I in…
Though others sleep [i.e. are unvigilant], be awake [i.e. vigilant]! Like a wise man, trust nobody, but always be on the alert; for time is dangerous, and the body is weak. Be ever watchful, like the [two-headed] Bharunda bird. 4:6
'If he does not get it [victory] early, he will get it afterwards'--such reasoning assumes the eternity of human life. But such a person will despair when his life draws to its close, and the dissolution of his body approaches. 4:9
I have cut off all my fetters, these are destroyed by right means. Now I am wholly free from these, being light, I move and happily live. 23:41
My thoughts are pure; in spirit I seek to forget myself and transcend the common affairs of the world, keeping my life simple and my desires few. With a clear heart, I do not contend with others or make demands upon the world, but rather seek to contribute what I can for the benefit of all, aiding those in need and protecting those in danger.
One must not forget the profound egotism that characterizes all imaginary invalids; they are so full of themselves that their ills seem to them to acquire high importance. They can not admit then that the whole world is not interested in their aches and pains, and the importance they themselves attach to them is a subject of development for their malady.
Intensity of determination, when it reaches a certain point, possesses a dazzling influence which few ordinary mortals can resist, for it envelops them before they are aware of it and thus before they have dreamt of endeavoring to withdraw themselves from it. Moreover, the man who retains the power of influencing rarely needs to exert himself, in order to exercise it effectually, for the need of protection from it is non-existent in most persons. They are rare who are morally sufficient for themselves and who pass through life without feeling the need of resting their weakness on a supporting and directing force. Still less numerous are those who accept with courage the consequences of their acts and do not seek to place the responsibility for these acts on an outside influence, which, however, they are ready to repudiate if they are successful.
Influence over others is acquired especial by perseverance of the will and concentration of thought, the undulations of which, project around us, come to reach the minds that we wish to impress.
With perseverance, you succeed in causing effectively to penetrate the minds of your hearers the thoughts the emission of which will attract similar thoughts, and their undulations returning to affect you will increase your conviction, giving you thus the more power to spread it around you.
Few dare write the true news of their chamber.
A nation reveals itself not only by the people it produces, but also by the people it honors and remembers.
People will pay liberally to be made to feel or laugh, while they will begrudge a dime for instruction or talk that will make them think.
Dangers are overcome with dangers.
Fear can keep a man out of danger, but only courage can support him in it.
Flattery fits in the parlor when plain dealing is kicked out of doors.
He is no wise man that cannot play the fool upon occasion.
If you're a jester, keep your wit till you have use for it.
No one can always stand his ground.
Prosperous people seldom mend their faults.
Man would've perished long ago, had it not been for public spirited people.
Do all you can to be good, and you’ll be so.
Heaven is a cheap purchase, whatever it cost.
Even doubtful accusations leave a stain behind them.
There's no defense against the wildfire of the mob.
Argument seldom convinces anyone contrary to his inclinations.
He that would right understand a person must read his whole story.
People's actions aren't to be judged at first sight.
Do as most do, and people will speak well of you.
Do as others do, and few will mock you.
Singularity always seems to have a spice of arrogancy in it.
Men generally look more upon decency than virtue.
Patience and pusillanimity are two [different] things.